1. The Eight Diagrams Beacon Base (八卦航标灯座)
Located on the high cliff of the Shiwei Mountain in Nanshan Town, Xuwen County, the Eight Diagrams Beacon Base was cut and polished from a natural megalith. It is octagonal and has a diameter of 2 meters and depth of 40 centimeters. All eight angles are decorated with the Eight Diagrams patterns. It is a typical Han-Tang dynasty beacon base. It is less than 10 meters distant from the bay, which is the optimum location for navigation.
Add.: Shiwei Mountain, Nanshan Town, Xuwen County, Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province (广东省湛江市徐闻县南山镇仕尾岭高崖)
2. South Sea God Temple (南海神庙)
The South Sea God Temple is situated at the Miaotou Village, Huangpu District, Guangzhou. In 594 A.D., Emperor Wen of Sui issued an imperial edict to offer a sacrifice to the four seas and build the South Sea God Temple in Huangmu Bay, Guangzhou. Afterwards, emperors through the ages also sent officials to set up monuments and offer sacrifices in the temple. During the Tang and Song dynasties, before all the merchant ships put out to sea, people all came here to pray for plain sailing. This is the only intact temple of the sea god out of four in China. On the front door, four big characters “Hai Bu Yang Bo”, meaning that the sea is calm, are engraved.
Add.: Miaotou Village, Huangpu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong (广东省广州市黄埔区庙头村)
3. Xi Lai Chu Di (the first landfall on journeying from the west) (西来初地)
On Xiajiu Road in Xiguan, Guangzhou, there is a stone tablet inscribed with “Xi Lai Gu An” which was set up in honor of Indian Buddhist monk Bodhidharma coming to China to preach Buddhism. In order to preach in China, Bodhidharma travelled across the oceans for three years, and arrived in Guangzhou during the Northern and Southern Dynasties, at which time near Xiajiu Road was the coast. After Bodhidharma’s arrival, people built a nunnery nearby for Bodhidharma’s preaching which was significantly important to the foundation of the Chan sect in China. Therefore, this area was called Xi Lai Chu Di (the first landfall on journeying from the west).
Add.: Xiajiu Road, Liwan District, Guangzhou, Guangdong (广东省广州市荔湾区下九路)
4. Götheborg (哥德堡号)
Götheborg was a famous Swedish oceangoing vessel built at the Age of Discovery and made three journeys to Guangzhou. On January 11, 1745, Götheborg set out for home from Guangzhou, fully loaded with about 700 tons of china, tea-leaves, silk and rattan articles. Eight months later, with only 900 meters to go before the vessel reached its berth, it crashed into a rock and sank. On October 2, 2005, the replica of the ship revisited the Maritime Silk Road heading towards China and successfully arrived at Guangzhou Port on July 18, 2006.
Add.: Nansha Passenger Port, Nansha District, Guangzhou, Guangdong (广东省广州市南沙区南沙客运港码头)
5. Xinxing Street (新兴街)
In the Ming and Qing dynasties, Xinxing Street was the biggest seaport in eastern Guangdong before Shantou was opened as a commercial port. It was so flourishing that it had a reputation as “the immortal’s mansion on the earth.” The street is 200 meters long, consisting of 54 double-deck warehouses. Warehouses near the inner harbor can be loaded with goods from the vessels directly.
Add.: Zhanglin Village, Dongli Town, Chenghai County, Shantou City, Guangdong (广东省汕头市澄海东里樟林)
6. Guangzhou Thirteen Hongs Museum (广州十三行博物馆)
Guangzhou Thirteen Hongs Museum has display areas for exhibiting unique cultural relics of the Thirteen Hongs, including ricepaper pith paintings, Kwon-Glazed porcelain, sculpture and crafts, hull models, classical wooden furniture and other artworks. Besides, introduction of figures and events which had great influence on the development of the Thirteen Hongs is also attached.
Add.: Cultural Park, Liwan District, Guangzhou, Guangdong (广东省广州市荔湾区文化公园)
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